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Further Reading and brief CV

Trevor Millum studied History at Birmingham University before completing a PhD at the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies in Visual Communication in Advertising, later published as Images of Woman. While at the Centre he edited the first edition of the CCCS Journal: Working Papers in Cultural Studies.


Trevor then trained as a teacher at the University of Zambia and taught there, in the UK and Singapore before becoming an advisory teacher for English and ICT.  Later he branched out into software design for education and wrote guides and resource materials. He has worked with a range of educational publishers to produce innovative teaching materials, focusing on creativity, poetry and ICT.   A lifelong member of NATE, he became its Director of Communications and Development 1999-2005.

He is an experienced workshop leader and is well known for his work on creativity and developing the use of ICT in English.  Educational publications include Improving Literacy with ICT and (with Chris Warren) and Unlocking Poetry: using ICT to investigate GCSE Poetry.   He is the creator of and poet in residence at Teachit’s Poetry Place, for which he has written over 150 teaching resources.


In his spare time he writes stories and poems for children, including Warning – Too Much Schooling Can Damage Your Health and A Stegosaurus is For Life and other Animal Poems. His poems are widely published and anthologised.

Link to:  ‘On The Bench’ – Harry Meadley interviews Trevor Millum on the banks of the Ancholme…

Read a longer, informal biography


In the late 1960s, it was hard to find published research, books or articles to assist the study of the visual aspect of advertising.  Putting the search into research, however, I discovered a number of publications in related areas, many of which provided very useful insights.  A side-product of my research evolved into a bibliography of non-verbal communication, first published in Working Papers in Cultural Studies, Spring 1971.  ‘Non-verbal communication’ is an immense area and, since then, material has been added and analyses refined.


Nevertheless, I felt it might be useful to researchers to provide a selection of these publications, together with some works which have appeared in the interim.  With two key exceptions, I have omitted papers in academic journals.  There are many research papers in journals relating to psychology and psychiatry which deal with expression, body movement and gesture; in general, however, the relevance of these to situations outside the laboratory is limited.

Some of these works are readily available, others would require the use of an inter-library loan system.  Some are scholarly tomes which one might not read from cover to cover, others are accessible introductions to areas of study. An internet search will usually provide enough detail for the reader to decide whether or not to proceed further.  

Argyle M The Psychology of Interpersonal Behaviour  Penguin 1967

Arnheim R Art and Visual Perception Faber and Faber 1956

Arnheim R Towards a Psychology of Art Faber and Faber 1967

Baker Visual Persuasion  McGraw-Hill  New York  1961

Baldwin J and Roberts L Visual Communication: From Theory to Practice  AVA Academis 2006

Barthes R  Systeme de la Mode  Editions de Seuil, Paris 1967 (See also Barthes’ Elements of Semiology Cape 1967)

Barthes R ‘Rhetorique de l’Image’  Communications (4) 1964

Barthes R A Barthes Reader Hill and Wang New York 1982

Barthes R Elements of Semiology Hill and Wang New York 1968

Barthes R Image—Music—Text Hill and Wang New York 1977

Barthes R The Semiotic Challenge University of California Press Berkeley 1994

Berg C The Unconscious Significance of Hair  Allen and Unwin 1957

Berger J Ways of Seeing  Penguin  1972

Bignall J Media Semiotics    Manchester University press 2002

Birdwhistell R  Introduction to Kinesics  Louisville 1952

Chandler D  Semiotics: The Basics  Routledge 2017

Cobley P and Jansz L Introducing Semiotics: A Graphic Guide Icon Books 2010

Critchley M The Language of Gesture  Edward Arnold 1939

Dyer G  Advertising as Communication  Methuen  1982  )good bibliog)

Eco, U  A Theory of Semiotics  Indiana University Press 1976

Efron D  Gesture and Environment  Kings Crown Press, New York 1941

Feldman S  Mannerisms of Speech and Gesture in Everyday Life  International University Press New York 1935

Frank L K  ‘Tactile Communication’ in A G Smith (ed) Communication and Culture Holt, Reinhart and Winston  1966

Gombrich E  Art and Illusion  Pantheon 1960

Gregory R L  The Intelligent Eye Wiedenfeld and Nicholson  1970

Gregory R L Eye and Brain Wiedenfeld and Nicholson  1966

Hall  E T  The Silent Language  Premier  new York  1959

Hall E T The Hidden Dimension  Doubleday New York  1966

Howells, R and Negreiros, J  Visual Culture  Polity Pres 2012

Jamieson H Visual Communication: More than meets the eye Intellect Books 2007

Jouard S M The Transparent Self  Van Nostrand Princeton  1964

Kepes G Sign, Image and Symbol  Studio Vista  1966

Kepes G The Language of Vision  Paul Theobald Chicago  1964

Lamb W  Posture and Gesture Duckworth 1965

Langer S  Philosophy in a New Key  Harvard 1942

Lester P M Visual Communication: Images with Messages  Wadsworth 2014

Panofsky E Studies in Iconology  Harper Torch  New York  1939

Panofsky E Meaning in the Visual Arts  Peregrine 1970

Ruesch J and Kees W Non-verbal Communication  Univ. of California Press  1956

Spottiswoode R A Grammar of the Film Faber and Faber 1935

Vine I  ‘Communication by Facial-Visual Signals’ in J H Crook (ed) Social behaviour in Animals and Men  Academic Press 1969

Williamson J Decoding Ads  Marion Boyars 2002

Wollen P  Signs and Meaning in the Cinema  Secker and Warburg 1969 (revised edition BFI 1998)


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I'm a paragraph. Click here to add your own text and edit me. I’m a great place for you to tell a story and let your users know a little more about you.


I'm a paragraph. Click here to add your own text and edit me. I’m a great place for you to tell a story and let your users know a little more about you.

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